Russula torulosa

Wine-red pied pied

DescriptionThe cap is 5-10 cm in diameter, convex at first, flat at maturity, sticky-glabrous, reddish-reddish, purple-reddish violet often with greenish spots; lamellae are thin, dense and brittle, forked near the foot, whitish at first, cream at maturity. The foot is 2-6 × 0,7-1,5 cm, cylindrical, rose-violet in colour on a whitish background, often covered in places with blue tones.The flesh is white, fragile, with a strong odour reminiscent of fresh apples and a hot taste.The seed imprint is white
SimilaritiesRussula queletii, fruiting on fir trees, is smaller, has a reddish-violet cap, often with olive spots, peppery flesh and a strong smell reminiscent of fruit compote; Russula sardonia, has lemon-yellow lamellae. Russula sanguinea, fruiting on conifers, has a cap with bright reddish colors and the foot has yellowish spots and at maturity the base turns yellow.Source :,


Gills adnate or rounded at the stipe, sometimes forked, intervened, with presence of lamellulas, whitish at the beginning then cream to light ochre, with brittle consistency and easily fracturable.
Very common under conifers, it is linked in mycorrhiza relationship to Pinus spp., sometimes with the Cedar (Cedrus atlantica) and the Cypress, in groups also numerous. As for the characteristics of the soil, it does not have particular needs, adapting to siliceous, sandy and calcareous soils. We can find it from late summer until the beginning of winter.
A toxic Russula acre, collected under the Black Pine (Pinus nigra), we see it with three very different colors, a practical demonstration of the little value that must be given to the color of mushrooms in general and to that of Russula in particular, polychromatic mushrooms par excellence and water-soluble pigments, washable in case of heavy rainfall.


Thin, about 4 to 10 cm, firm and fleshy, cuticle separable at the edge, viscous, wine-red to violet, sometimes with paler areas, difficult to separate from the flesh, the margin is curved and thin.
It resembles R. sanguinea (Bull. ex St. Amans) Fr., but this one has a blood-colored cuticle, paler red; R. sardonia Fr. has yellowish spots on the lamellae; R. queleti Fr. in Quél. is typical of fir trees. Inedible, due to the pungent taste of its flesh.

Russula atropurpureafungus

Synonyms or similar taxa not recognized by all: R. queletii var. torulosa (Bres.) Singer 1932. R. arenaria Singer 1935. R. fuscorubra var. major Nicolaj 1976. R. fuscorubra (Bres.) Singer 1982. R. torulosa var. fuscorubra (Bres.) Romagnesi, R. torulosa fo. Luteovirens Boudier ex Bon 1986.
Habitat: Typical Mediterranean species very common under pine trees, especially in pine forests on calcareous or siliceous soil, from coastal areas to the mountains. It grows from late summer to early winter. Legit: Maletti M.
Cap: up to 10 cm. in diameter, convex, then expanded and slightly depressed at the center with firm margin not or only briefly striated. Cuticle moist and shiny, then dry and finely corrugated, varying in color from violet to purple with blackish center, often sprinkled with greenish hues (in typical form).