Marzuelo setal enorme (hygrophorus marzuolus) february 2019
The Marzuelo is the first mushroom species to appear after winter, which is why it is known as the snow mushroom. Being the first food that appears after the cold months, it is called squirrel mushroom or roe deer mushroom, since it is a delicacy for these animals.
The variety of names of this mushroom is very wide, its Latin name is Hygrophorus marzuolus, some of its popular names are marceras, marzuelos, marçots (in Catalan) or Martxoko ezko (in Basque).
The cap of the marzuelo usually measures between 3 and 13 centimeters. The color of the marzuelo is very characteristic since it goes from a completely white color to gray tones in developed specimens and even to dark gray, almost black, in others.
The marzuelo is a perishable species; when the outside temperatures are higher than 10 degrees it has a tendency to rot, so it is recommended to avoid that the harvests remain many hours exposed to the open air. In the refrigerator they are also quite perishable, they last between 3 and 5 days, so it is recommended to keep them frozen after precooking.
Challenge day 4 and part mycologico marzuelo
There is a lot of secrecy behind this mushroom (Hygrophorus marzuolus), which seems only available to a few people who presume mostly of great knowledge of mushrooms. And no less, the marzuelo is possibly one of the most difficult mushrooms to find. In Cesta y Setas we are going to tell you some of the mysteries and tricks that will make you open your eyes and go for it this season. We hope you succeed!
It is often associated with snow, since we can find many photos on the network surrounded by copious piles of it. It is not exactly like that, if you have to take into account that it is a determining factor for it to appear that there have been months before heavy snowfall (it is still the rain of winter and more for its habitat) but really what it likes is the thaw, it is when their mycelia are activated and its appearance is usually associated after about 10 days with positive temperatures throughout the day. It is not affected by snowfalls, that is, it can be camouflaged under the mantle once it appears.
Hygrophorus marzuolus (marzuelo) 31january 2018
Mushrooms need certain conditions to be able to fructify, or what is the same, to produce «mushrooms». These conditions, as a general rule, are humidity in the soil and not excessively low temperatures.
The upper part of the cap is very dark gray (almost black in some specimens), although when buried it may appear white. The lower part has white lamellae that cause a very sharp contrast with the cap (in old specimens we can find the lamellae with grayish tones). The foot is also white but with grayish spheres. No noticeable odor.
The marzuelo inhabits the shady areas of Scots pine forests mainly, on siliceous soil, although it can also be found in hardwoods, such as beech. In fact, there are very productive areas formed by a mixture of Scots pine and beech.
This mushroom is typical of the northern half of the peninsula, although it is also found in the Central System and in the Montes Universales de Teruel. It is abundant in the provinces of Navarra, La Rioja, León, Burgos and Soria, among others. In the beech forests of Navarra is where it usually appears earlier, in early or mid-February, closing its appearance the further south and at higher altitudes.
Marzuolus february 2018 (hygrophorus marzuolus)
The fruiting body of this mushroom has a cap about 10 centimeters in diameter, irregularly bulbous and thick, which curves sharply upward when the mushroom matures. In very young specimens it is white but as it matures it becomes completely gray or blackish. The lamellae are widely spaced, thick, waxy and slightly decurrent. The stem is 4 to 8 centimeters in diameter and 2 to 4 centimeters long, white at first and gray when the mushroom matures. It is massive and stubby. Its flesh is gray under the cuticle of the cap and white in the rest of the mushroom, with a not very noticeable odor. The spore is also white.